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Need for cognitive closure

Actor-observer bias

“Everyone is responsible for their own behaviour… Except me!”

Automation bias

"When making a decision, I have too much confidence in machines, and tend to neglect my own judgement."

Barnum effect

“I see myself described accurately in vague and generic descriptions of personality."

Base rate neglect fallacy

“I misjudge the probability of an event by ignoring important background information.”

Belief bias

“If it corresponds to my knowledge and beliefs, it must be true.”

Confirmation bias

“When I research a topic, I favour information that supports my hypothesis and ignore information that contradicts it.”

Conjunction fallacy

“I judge it to be more probable that two events will occur together than that one of them will occur alone.”

Escalation of commitment bias

“I keep going in the wrong direction despite increasingly negative results.”

Essentialism bias

"I believe that social groups have a distinct and unchanging essence."

Fixation bias

"When I must find a solution to a problem, I become fixated on the first idea or perspective that comes to mind, to the detriment of other possibilities."

Fundamental attribution error

“I explain the actions of a person through their personal characteristics while underestimating the influence of the situation.”

Gambler's fallacy

"When I go to the casino, I choose machines that haven't won in a long time since they are due to win."

Halo effect

“I use a first impression to draw a ‘bigger picture’ conclusion.”

Illusion of knowledge

"I am under the impression that I know and understand more than what I really know and understand."

Illusory correlation

“I am convinced there is a link between two events I have witnessed, but they are not related.”

Impact bias

"When we think about how we will react to possible future events, we tend to overestimate both the intensity and duration of our emotions."

Intentionality Bias

"When someone does something, like cut me off in traffic, I assume they did it on purpose."

Near bias effect

"We care less about future experiences than we do about near ones. "

Outgroup homogeneity bias

“I tend to underestimate the differences among members of a group when I am not part of it.”

Plant awareness disparity

"I don’t notice plants in my environment, and I don’t recognize their importance. I think they are inferior to animals."

Repetition effect

"I judge repeated information as being more likely to be true than new information."

Stereotypes and prejudices

“Women are gentle and motherly, so it's normal for them to stay home to take care of the children.”

Zeigarnik effect

"I remember interrupted or ongoing tasks and problems more easily than I remember ones that are completed or solved."

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